Powered by Heat Keywords
The Online 
Medieval and Classical Library

Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica


Online Medieval and Classical Library Release #8

Fragment #1 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iii. 1086:
That Deucalion was the son of Prometheus and Pronoea, Hesiod
states in the first "Catalogue", as also that Hellen was the son
of Deucalion and Pyrrha.

Fragment #2 --
Ioannes Lydus (2), de Mens. i. 13:
They came to call those who followed local manners Latins, but
those who followed Hellenic customs Greeks, after the brothers
Latinus and Graecus; as Hesiod says: `And in the palace Pandora
the daughter of noble Deucalion was joined in love with father
Zeus, leader of all the gods, and bare Graecus, staunch in

Fragment #3 --
Constantinus Porphyrogenitus (3), de Them. 2 p. 48B:
The district Macedonia took its name from Macedon the son of Zeus
and Thyia, Deucalion's daughter, as Hesiod says:
`And she conceived and bare to Zeus who delights in the
thunderbolt two sons, Magnes and Macedon, rejoicing in horses,
who dwell round about Pieria and Olympus....
....And Magnes again (begot) Dictys and godlike Polydectes.'

Fragment #4 --
Plutarch, Mor. p. 747; Schol. on Pindar Pyth. iv. 263:
`And from Hellen the war-loving king sprang Dorus and Xuthus and
Aeolus delighting in horses.  And the sons of Aeolus, kings
dealing justice, were Cretheus, and Athamas, and clever Sisyphus,
and wicked Salmoneus and overbold Perieres.'

Fragment #5 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 266:
Those who were descended from Deucalion used to rule over
Thessaly as Hecataeus and Hesiod say.

Fragment #6 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 482:
Aloiadae.  Hesiod said that they were sons of Aloeus, -- called
so after him, -- and of Iphimedea, but in reality sons of
Poseidon and Iphimedea, and that Alus a city of Aetolia was
founded by their father.

Fragment #7 --
Berlin Papyri, No. 7497; Oxyrhynchus Papyri, 421 (4):
(ll. 1-24) `....Eurynome the daughter of Nisus, Pandion's son, to
whom Pallas Athene taught all her art, both wit and wisdom too;
for she was as wise as the gods.  A marvellous scent rose from
her silvern raiment as she moved, and beauty was wafted from her
eyes.  Her, then, Glaucus sought to win by Athena's advising, and
he drove oxen (5) for her.  But he knew not at all the intent of
Zeus who holds the aegis.  So Glaucus came seeking her to wife
with gifts; but cloud-driving Zeus, king of the deathless gods,
bent his head in oath that the.... son of Sisyphus should never
have children born of one father (6).  So she lay in the arms of
Poseidon and bare in the house of Glaucus blameless Bellerophon,
surpassing all men in.... over the boundless sea.  And when he
began to roam, his father gave him Pegasus who would bear him
most swiftly on his wings, and flew unwearying everywhere over
the earth, for like the gales he would course along.  With him
Bellerophon caught and slew the fire-breathing Chimera.  And he
wedded the dear child of the great-hearted Iobates, the
worshipful king....
lord (of)....
and she bare....'

Fragment #8 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodes, Arg. iv. 57:
Hesiod says that Endymion was the son of Aethlius the son of Zeus
and Calyee, and received the gift from Zeus: `(To be) keeper of
death for his own self when he was ready to die.'

Fragment #9 --
Scholiast Ven. on Homer, Il. xi. 750:
The two sons of Actor and Molione...  Hesiod has given their
descent by calling them after Actor and Molione; but their father
was Poseidon.

Porphyrius (7), Quaest. Hom. ad Iliad. pert., 265:
But Aristarchus is informed that they were twins, not.... such as
were the Dioscuri, but, on Hesiod's testimony, double in form and
with two bodies and joined to one another.

Fragment #10 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 156:
But Hesiod says that he changed himself in one of his wonted
shapes and perched on the yoke-boss of Heracles' horses, meaning
to fight with the hero; but that Heracles, secretly instructed by
Athena, wounded him mortally with an arrow.  And he says as
follows: `...and lordly Periclymenus.  Happy he!  For
earth-shaking Poseidon gave him all manner of gifts.  At one time
he would appear among birds, an eagle; and again at another he
would be an ant, a marvel to see; and then a shining swarm of
bees; and again at another time a dread relentless snake.  And he
possessed all manner of gifts which cannot he told, and these
then ensnared him through the devising of Athene.'

Fragment #11 --
Stephanus of Byzantium (8), s.v.:
`(Heracles) slew the noble sons of steadfast Neleus, eleven of
them; but the twelfth, the horsemen Gerenian Nestor chanced to be
staying with the horse-taming Gerenians.
Nestor alone escaped in flowery Gerenon.'

Fragment #12 --
Eustathius (9), Hom. 1796.39:
`So well-girded Polycaste, the youngest daughter of Nestor,
Neleus' son, was joined in love with Telemachus through golden
Aphrodite and bare Persepolis.'

Fragment #13 --
Scholiast on Homer, Od. xii. 69:
Tyro the daughter of Salmoneus, having two sons by Poseidon,
Neleus and Pelias, married Cretheus, and had by him three sons,
Aeson, Pheres and Amythaon.  And of Aeson and Polymede, according
to Hesiod, Iason was born: `Aeson, who begot a son Iason,
shepherd of the people, whom Chiron brought up in woody Pelion.'

Fragment #14 --
Petrie Papyri (ed. Mahaffy), Pl. III. 3:
`....of the glorious lord
....fair Atalanta, swift of foot, the daughter of Schoeneus, who
had the beaming eyes of the Graces, though she was ripe for
wedlock rejected the company of her equals and sought to avoid
marriage with men who eat bread.'

Scholiast on Homer, Iliad xxiii. 683:
Hesiod is therefore later in date than Homer since he represents
Hippomenes as stripped when contending with Atalanta (10).

Papiri greci e latini, ii. No. 130 (2nd-3rd century) (11):
(ll. 1-7) `Then straightway there rose up against him the trim-
ankled maiden (Atalanta), peerless in beauty: a great throng
stood round about her as she gazed fiercely, and wonder held all
men as they looked upon her.  As she moved, the breath of the
west wind stirred the shining garment about her tender bosom; but
Hippomenes stood where he was: and much people was gathered
together.  All these kept silence; but Schoeneus cried and said:

(ll. 8-20) `"Hear me all, both young and old, while I speak as my
spirit within my breast bids me.  Hippomenes seeks my coy-eyed
daughter to wife; but let him now hear my wholesome speech.  He
shall not win her without contest; yet, if he be victorious and
escape death, and if the deathless gods who dwell on Olympus
grant him to win renown, verily he shall return to his dear
native land, and I will give him my dear child and strong, swift-
footed horses besides which he shall lead home to be cherished
possessions; and may he rejoice in heart possessing these, and
ever remember with gladness the painful contest.  May the father
of men and of gods (grant that splendid children may be born to
him)' (12)


(ll. 21-27) `on the right....
and he, rushing upon her,....
drawing back slightly towards the left.  And on them was laid an
unenviable struggle: for she, even fair, swift-footed Atalanta,
ran scorning the gifts of golden Aphrodite; but with him the race
was for his life, either to find his doom, or to escape it. 
Therefore with thoughts of guile he said to her:

(ll. 28-29) `"O daughter of Schoeneus, pitiless in heart, receive
these glorious gifts of the goddess, golden Aphrodite...'


(ll. 30-36) `But he, following lightly on his feet, cast the
first apple (13): and, swiftly as a Harpy, she turned back and
snatched it.  Then he cast the second to the ground with his
hand.  And now fair, swift-footed Atalanta had two apples and was
near the goal; but Hippomenes cast the third apple to the ground,
and therewith escaped death and black fate.  And he stood panting

Fragment #15 --
Strabo (14), i. p. 42:
`And the daughter of Arabus, whom worthy Hermaon begat with
Thronia, daughter of the lord Belus.'

Fragment #16 --
Eustathius, Hom. 461. 2:
`Argos which was waterless Danaus made well-watered.'

Fragment #17 --
Hecataeus (15) in Scholiast on Euripides, Orestes, 872:
Aegyptus himself did not go to Argos, but sent his sons, fifty in
number, as Hesiod represented.

Fragment #18 -- (16)
Strabo, viii. p. 370:
And Apollodorus says that Hesiod already knew that the whole
people were called both Hellenes and Panhellenes, as when he says
of the daughters of Proetus that the Panhellenes sought them in

Apollodorus, ii. 2.1.4:
Acrisius was king of Argos and Proetus of Tiryns.  And Acrisius
had by Eurydice the daughter of Lacedemon, Danae; and Proetus by
Stheneboea `Lysippe and Iphinoe and Iphianassa'.  And these fell
mad, as Hesiod states, because they would not receive the rites
of Dionysus.

Probus (17) on Vergil, Eclogue vi. 48:
These (the daughters of Proetus), because they had scorned the
divinity of Juno, were overcome with madness, such that they
believed they had been turned into cows, and left Argos their own
country.  Afterwards they were cured by Melampus, the son of

Suidas, s.v.: (18)
`Because of their hideous wantonness they lost their tender

Eustathius, Hom. 1746.7:
`....For he shed upon their heads a fearful itch: and leprosy
covered all their flesh, and their hair dropped from their heads,
and their fair scalps were made bare.'

Fragment #19A -- (19)
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1358 fr. 1 (3rd cent. A.D.): (20)
(ll. 1-32) `....So she (Europa) crossed the briny water from afar
to Crete, beguiled by the wiles of Zeus.  Secretly did the Father
snatch her away and gave her a gift, the golden necklace, the toy
which Hephaestus the famed craftsman once made by his cunning
skill and brought and gave it to his father for a possession. 
And Zeus received the gift, and gave it in turn to the daughter
of proud Phoenix.  But when the Father of men and of gods had
mated so far off with trim-ankled Europa, then he departed back
again from the rich-haired girl.  So she bare sons to the
almighty Son of Cronos, glorious leaders of wealthy men -- Minos
the ruler, and just Rhadamanthys and noble Sarpedon the blameless
and strong.  To these did wise Zeus give each a share of his
honour.  Verily Sarpedon reigned mightily over wide Lycia and
ruled very many cities filled with people, wielding the sceptre
of Zeus: and great honour followed him, which his father gave
him, the great-hearted shepherd of the people.  For wise Zeus
ordained that he should live for three generations of mortal men
and not waste away with old age.  He sent him to Troy; and
Sarpedon gathered a great host, men chosen out of Lycia to be
allies to the Trojans.  These med did Sarpedon lead, skilled in
bitter war.  And Zeus, whose wisdom is everlasting, sent him
forth from heaven a star, showing tokens for the return of his
dear son.... ....for well he (Sarpedon) knew in his heart that
the sign was indeed from Zeus.  Very greatly did he excel in war
together with man-slaying Hector and brake down the wall,
bringing woes upon the Danaans.  But so soon as Patroclus had
inspired the Argives with hard courage....'

Fragment #19 --
Scholiast on Homer, Il. xii. 292:
Zeus saw Europa the daughter of Phoenix gathering flowers in a
meadow with some nymphs and fell in love with her.  So he came
down and changed himself into a bull and breathed from his mouth
a crocus (21).  In this way he deceived Europa, carried her off
and crossed the sea to Crete where he had intercourse with her. 
Then in this condition he made her live with Asterion the king of
the Cretans.  There she conceived and bore three sons, Minos,
Sarpedon and Rhadamanthys.  The tale is in Hesiod and

Fragment #20 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 178:
But according to Hesiod (Phineus) was the son of Phoenix,
Agenor's son and Cassiopea.

Fragment #21 --
Apollodorus (22), iii. 14.4.1:
But Hesiod says that he (Adonis) was the son of Phoenix and

Fragment #22 --
Porphyrius, Quaest. Hom. ad Iliad. pert. p. 189:
As it is said in Hesiod in the "Catalogue of Women" concerning
Demodoce the daughter of Agenor: `Demodoce whom very many of men
on earth, mighty princes, wooed, promising splendid gifts,
because of her exceeding beauty.'

Fragment #23 --
Apollodorus, iii. 5.6.2:
Hesiod says that (the children of Amphion and Niobe) were ten
sons and ten daughters.

Aelian (23), Var. Hist. xii. 36:
But Hesiod says they were nine boys and ten girls; -- unless
after all the verses are not Hesiod but are falsely ascribed to
him as are many others.

Fragment #24 --
Scholiast on Homer, Il. xxiii. 679:
And Hesiod says that when Oedipus had died at Thebes, Argea the
daughter of Adrastus came with others to the funeral of Oedipus.

Fragment #25 --
Herodian (24) in Etymologicum Magnum, p. 60, 40:
Tityos the son of Elara.

Fragment #26 -- (25)
Argument: Pindar, Ol. xiv:
Cephisus is a river in Orchomenus where also the Graces are
worshipped.  Eteoclus the son of the river Cephisus first
sacrificed to them, as Hesiod says.

Scholiast on Homer, Il. ii. 522:
`which from Lilaea spouts forth its sweet flowing water....'

Strabo, ix. 424:
`....And which flows on by Panopeus and through fenced Glechon
and through Orchomenus, winding like a snake.'

Fragment #27 --
Scholiast on Homer, Il. vii. 9:
For the father of Menesthius, Areithous was a Boeotian living at
Arnae; and this is in Boeotia, as also Hesiod says.

Fragment #28 --
Stephanus of Byzantium:
Onchestus: a grove (26).  It is situate in the country of
Haliartus and was founded by Onchestus the Boeotian, as Hesiod

Fragment #29 --
Stephanus of Byzantium:
There is also a plain of Aega bordering on Cirrha, according to

Fragment #30 --
Apollodorus, ii. 1.1.5:
But Hesiod says that Pelasgus was autochthonous.

Fragment #31 --
Strabo, v. p. 221:
That this tribe (the Pelasgi) were from Arcadia, Ephorus states
on the authority of Hesiod; for he says: `Sons were born to god-
like Lycaon whom Pelasgus once begot.'

Fragment #32 --
Stephanus of Byzantium:
Pallantium.  A city of Arcadia, so named after Pallas, one of
Lycaon's sons, according to Hesiod.

Fragment #33 --
`Famous Meliboea bare Phellus the good spear-man.'

Fragment #34 --
Herodian, On Peculiar Diction, p. 18:
In Hesiod in the second Catalogue: `Who once hid the torch (27)

Fragment #35 --
Herodian, On Peculiar Diction, p. 42:
Hesiod in the third Catalogue writes: `And a resounding thud of
feet rose up.'

Fragment #36 --
Apollonius Dyscolus (28), On the Pronoun, p. 125:
`And a great trouble to themselves.'

Fragment #37 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. i. 45:
Neither Homer nor Hesiod speak of Iphiclus as amongst the

Fragment #38 --
`Eratosthenes' (29), Catast. xix. p. 124:
The Ram.] -- This it was that transported Phrixus and Helle.  It
was immortal and was given them by their mother Nephele, and had
a golden fleece, as Hesiod and Pherecydes say.

Fragment #39 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 181:
Hesiod in the "Great Eoiae" says that Phineus was blinded because
he revealed to Phrixus the road; but in the third "Catalogue",
because he preferred long life to sight.

Hesiod says he had two sons, Thynus and Mariandynus.

Ephorus (30) in Strabo, vii. 302:
Hesiod, in the so-called Journey round the Earth, says that
Phineus was brought by the Harpies `to the land of milk-feeders
(31) who have waggons for houses.'

Fragment #40A -- (Cp. Fr. 43 and 44)
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1358 fr. 2 (3rd cent. A.D.): (32)
((LACUNA -- Slight remains of 7 lines))

(ll. 8-35) `(The Sons of Boreas pursued the Harpies) to the lands
of the Massagetae and of the proud Half-Dog men, of the
Underground-folk and of the feeble Pygmies; and to the tribes of
the boundless Black-skins and the Libyans.  Huge Earth bare these
to Epaphus -- soothsaying people, knowing seercraft by the will
of Zeus the lord of oracles, but deceivers, to the end that men
whose thought passes their utterance (33) might be subject to the
gods and suffer harm -- Aethiopians and Libyans and mare-milking
Scythians.  For verily Epaphus was the child of the almighty Son
of Cronos, and from him sprang the dark Libyans, and high-souled
Aethiopians, and the Underground-folk and feeble Pygmies.  All
these are the offspring of the lord, the Loud-thunderer.  Round
about all these (the Sons of Boreas) sped in darting flight....
....of the well-horsed Hyperboreans -- whom Earth the all-
nourishing bare far off by the tumbling streams of deep-flowing
Eridanus.... ....of amber, feeding her wide-scattered offspring
-- and about the steep Fawn mountain and rugged Etna to the isle
Ortygia and the people sprung from Laestrygon who was the son of
wide-reigning Poseidon.  Twice ranged the Sons of Boreas along
this coast and wheeled round and about yearning to catch the
Harpies, while they strove to escape and avoid them.  And they
sped to the tribe of the haughty Cephallenians, the people of
patient-souled Odysseus whom in aftertime Calypso the queenly
nymph detained for Poseidon.  Then they came to the land of the
lord the son of Ares.... ....they heard.  Yet still (the Sons of
Boreas) ever pursued them with instant feet.  So they (the
Harpies) sped over the sea and through the fruitless air...'

Fragment #40 --
Strabo, vii. p. 300:
`The Aethiopians and Ligurians and mare-milking Scythians.'

Fragment #41 --
Apollodorus, i. 9.21.6:
As they were being pursued, one of the Harpies fell into the
river Tigris, in Peloponnesus which is now called Harpys after
her.  Some call this one Nicothoe, and others Aellopus.  The
other who was called Ocypete, or as some say Ocythoe (though
Hesiod calls her Ocypus), fled down the Propontis and reached as
far as to the Echinades islands which are now called because of
her, Strophades (Turning Islands).

Fragment #42 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 297:
Hesiod also says that those with Zetes (34) turned and prayed to
Zeus: `There they prayed to the lord of Aenos who reigns on

Apollonius indeed says it was Iris who made Zetes and his
following turn away, but Hesiod says Hermes.

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. ii. 296:
Others say (the islands) were called Strophades, because they
turned there and prayed Zeus to seize the Harpies.  But according
to Hesiod... they were not killed.

Fragment #43 --
Philodemus (35), On Piety, 10:
Nor let anyone mock at Hesiod who mentions.... or even the
Troglodytes and the Pygmies.

Fragment #44 --
Strabo, i. p. 43:
No one would accuse Hesiod of ignorance though he speaks of the
Half-dog people and the Great-Headed people and the Pygmies.

Fragment #45 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 284:
But Hesiod says they (the Argonauts) had sailed in through the

Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 259:
But Hesiod (says).... they came through the Ocean to Libya, and
so, carrying the Argo, reached our sea.

Fragment #46 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iii. 311:
Apollonius, following Hesiod, says that Circe came to the island
over against Tyrrhenia on the chariot of the Sun.  And he called
it Hesperian, because it lies toward the west.

Fragment #47 --
Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius, Arg. iv. 892:
He (Apollonius) followed Hesiod who thus names the island of the
Sirens: `To the island Anthemoessa (Flowery) which the son of
Cronos gave them.'

And their names are Thelxiope or Thelxinoe, Molpe and Aglaophonus

Scholiast on Homer, Od. xii. 168:
Hence Hesiod said that they charmed even the winds.

Fragment #48 --
Scholiast on Homer, Od. i. 85:
Hesiod says that Ogygia is within towards the west, but Ogylia
lies over against Crete: `...the Ogylian sea and... ...the island

Fragment #49 --
Scholiast on Homer, Od. vii. 54:
Hesiod regarded Arete as the sister of Alcinous.

Fragment #50 --
Scholiast on Pindar, Ol. x. 46:
Her Hippostratus (did wed), a scion of Ares, the splendid son of
Phyetes, of the line of Amarynces, leader of the Epeians.

Fragment #51 --
Apollodorus, i. 8.4.1:
When Althea was dead, Oeneus married Periboea, the daughter of
Hipponous.  Hesiod says that she was seduced by Hippostratus the
son of Amarynces and that her father Hipponous sent her from
Olenus in Achaea to Oeneus because he was far away from Hellas,
bidding him kill her.

`She used to dwell on the cliff of Olenus by the banks of wide

Fragment #52 --
Diodorus (37) v. 81:
Macareus was a son of Crinacus the son of Zeus as Hesiod says...
and dwelt in Olenus in the country then called Ionian, but now

Fragment #53 --
Scholiast on Pindar, Nem. ii. 21:
Concerning the Myrmidons Hesiod speaks thus: `And she conceived
and bare Aeacus, delighting in horses.  Now when he came to the
full measure of desired youth, he chafed at being alone.  And the
father of men and gods made all the ants that were in the lovely
isle into men and wide-girdled women.  These were the first who
fitted with thwarts ships with curved sides, and the first who
used sails, the wings of a sea-going ship.'

Fragment #54 --
Polybius, v. 2:
`The sons of Aeacus who rejoiced in battle as though a feast.'

Fragment #55 --
Porphyrius, Quaest. Hom. ad Iliad. pertin. p. 93:
He has indicated the shameful deed briefly by the phrase `to lie
with her against her will', and not like Hesiod who recounts at
length the story of Peleus and the wife of Acastus.

Fragment #56 --
Scholiast on Pindar, Nem. iv. 95:
`And this seemed to him (Acastus) in his mind the best plan; to
keep back himself, but to hide beyond guessing the beautiful
knife which the very famous Lame One had made for him, that in
seeking it alone over steep Pelion, he (Peleus) might be slain
forthwith by the mountain-bred Centaurs.'

Fragment #57 --
Voll. Herculan. (Papyri from Herculaneum), 2nd Collection, viii.
The author of the "Cypria" (38) says that Thetis avoided wedlock
with Zeus to please Hera; but that Zeus was angry and swore that
she should mate with a mortal.  Hesiod also has the like account.

Fragment #58 --
Strassburg Greek Papyri 55 (2nd century A.D.):
(ll. 1-13) `Peleus the son of Aeacus, dear to the deathless
gods, came to Phthia the mother of flocks, bringing great
possessions from spacious Iolcus.  And all the people envied him
in their hearts seeing how he had sacked the well-built city, and
accomplished his joyous marriage; and they all spake this word:
"Thrice, yea, four times blessed son of Aeacus, happy Peleus! 
For far-seeing Olympian Zeus has given you a wife with many gifts
and the blessed gods have brought your marriage fully to pass,
and in these halls you go up to the holy bed of a daughter of
Nereus.  Truly the father, the son of Cronos, made you very pre-
eminent among heroes and honoured above other men who eat bread
and consume the fruit of the ground."'

Fragment #59 -- (39)
Origen, Against Celsus, iv. 79:
`For in common then were the banquets, and in common the seats of
deathless gods and mortal men.'

Fragment #60 --
Scholiast on Homer, Il. xvi. 175:
...whereas Hesiod and the rest call her (Peleus' daughter)

Fragment #61 --
Eustathius, Hom. 112. 44 sq:
It should be observed that the ancient narrative hands down the
account that Patroclus was even a kinsman of Achilles; for Hesiod
says that Menoethius the father of Patroclus, was a brother of
Peleus, so that in that case they were first cousins.

Fragment #62 --
Scholiast on Pindar, Ol. x. 83:
Some write `Serus the son of Halirrhothius', whom Hesiod
mentions: `He (begot) Serus and Alazygus, goodly sons.'  And
Serus was the son of Halirrhothius Perieres' son, and of Alcyone.

Fragment #63 --
Pausanias (40), ii. 26. 7:
This oracle most clearly proves that Asclepius was not the son of
Arsinoe, but that Hesiod or one of Hesiod's interpolators
composed the verses to please the Messenians.

Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. iii. 14:
Some say (Asclepius) was the son of Arsinoe, others of Coronis. 
But Asclepiades says that Arsinoe was the daughter of Leucippus,
Perieres' son, and that to her and Apollo Asclepius and a
daughter, Eriopis, were born: `And she bare in the palace
Asclepius, leader of men, and Eriopis with the lovely hair, being
subject in love to Phoebus.'

And of Arsinoe likewise: `And Arsinoe was joined with the son of
Zeus and Leto and bare a son Asclepius, blameless and strong.'

Fragment #67 --
Scholiast on Euripides, Orestes 249:
Steischorus says that while sacrificing to the gods Tyndareus
forgot Aphrodite and that the goddess was angry and made his
daughters twice and thrice wed and deserters of their
husbands....  And Hesiod also says:

(ll. 1-7) `And laughter-loving Aphrodite felt jealous when she
looked on them and cast them into evil report.  Then Timandra
deserted Echemus and went and came to Phyleus, dear to the
deathless gods; and even so Clytaemnestra deserted god-like
Agamemnon and lay with Aegisthus and chose a worse mate; and even
so Helen dishonoured the couch of golden-haired Menelaus.'

Fragment #68 -- (42)
Berlin Papyri, No. 9739:
(ll. 1-10) `....Philoctetes sought her, a leader of spearmen,
.... most famous of all men at shooting from afar and with the
sharp spear.  And he came to Tyndareus' bright city for the sake
of the Argive maid who had the beauty of golden Aphrodite, and
the sparkling eyes of the Graces; and the dark-faced daughter of
Ocean, very lovely of form, bare her when she had shared the
embraces of Zeus and the king Tyndareus in the bright palace....
(And.... sought her to wife offering as gifts)


(ll. 11-15) ....and as many women skilled in blameless arts, each
holding a golden bowl in her hands.  And truly Castor and strong
Polydeuces would have made him (43) their brother perforce, but
Agamemnon, being son-in-law to Tyndareus, wooed her for his
brother Menelaus.

(ll. 16-19) And the two sons of Amphiaraus the lord, Oecleus'
son, sought her to wife from Argos very near at hand; yet....
fear of the blessed gods and the indignation of men caused them
also to fail.


(l. 20) ...but there was no deceitful dealing in the sons of

(ll. 21-27) And from Ithaca the sacred might of Odysseus, Laertes
son, who knew many-fashioned wiles, sought her to wife.  He never
sent gifts for the sake of the neat-ankled maid, for he knew in
his heart that golden-haired Menelaus would win, since he was
greatest of the Achaeans in possessions and was ever sending
messages (44) to horse-taming Castor and prize-winning

(ll. 28-30) And....on's son sought her to wife (and brought)


(ll. 31-33) ...to horse-taming Castor and prize-winning
Polydeuces, desiring to be the husband of rich-haired Helen,
though he had never seen her beauty, but because he heard the
report of others.

(ll. 34-41) And from Phylace two men of exceeding worth sought
her to wife, Podarces son of Iphiclus, Phylacus' son, and Actor's
noble son, overbearing Protesilaus.  Both of them kept sending
messages to Lacedaemon, to the house of wise Tyndareus, Oebalus'
son, and they offered many bridal-gifts, for great was the girl's
renown, brazen....


(l. 42) ...(desiring) to be the husband of rich-haired Helen.

(ll. 43-49) From Athens the son of Peteous, Menestheus, sought
her to wife, and offered many bridal-gifts; for he possessed very
many stored treasures, gold and cauldrons and tripods, fine
things which lay hid in the house of the lord Peteous, and with
them his heart urged him to win his bride by giving more gifts
than any other; for he thought that no one of all the heroes
would surpass him in possessions and gifts.

(ll. 50-51) There came also by ship from Crete to the house of
the son of Oebalus strong Lycomedes for rich-haired Helen's sake.

Berlin Papyri, No. 10560:
(ll. 52-54) ...sought her to wife.  And after golden-haired
Menelaus he offered the greatest gifts of all the suitors, and
very much he desired in his heart to be the husband of Argive
Helen with the rich hair.

(ll. 55-62) And from Salamis Aias, blameless warrior, sought her
to wife, and offered fitting gifts, even wonderful deeds; for he
said that he would drive together and give the shambling oxen and
strong sheep of all those who lived in Troezen and Epidaurus near
the sea, and in the island of Aegina and in Mases, sons of the
Achaeans, and shadowy Megara and frowning Corinthus, and Hermione
and Asine which lie along the sea; for he was famous with the
long spear.

(ll. 63-66) But from Euboea Elephenor, leader of men, the son of
Chalcodon, prince of the bold Abantes, sought her to wife.  And
he offered very many gifts, and greatly he desired in his heart
to be the husband of rich-haired Helen.

(ll. 67-74) And from Crete the mighty Idomeneus sought her to
wife, Deucalion's son, offspring of renowned Minos.  He sent no
one to woo her in his place, but came himself in his black ship
of many thwarts over the Ogylian sea across the dark wave to the
home of wise Tyndareus, to see Argive Helen and that no one else
should bring back for him the girl whose renown spread all over
the holy earth.

(l. 75) And at the prompting of Zeus the all-wise came.

((LACUNA -- Thirteen lines lost.))

(ll. 89-100) But of all who came for the maid's sake, the lord
Tyndareus sent none away, nor yet received the gift of any, but
asked of all the suitors sure oaths, and bade them swear and vow
with unmixed libations that no one else henceforth should do
aught apart from him as touching the marriage of the maid with
shapely arms; but if any man should cast off fear and reverence
and take her by force, he bade all the others together follow
after and make him pay the penalty.  And they, each of them
hoping to accomplish his marriage, obeyed him without wavering. 
But warlike Menelaus, the son of Atreus, prevailed against them
all together, because he gave the greatest gifts.

(ll. 100-106) But Chiron was tending the son of Peleus, swift-
footed Achilles, pre-eminent among men, on woody Pelion; for he
was still a boy.  For neither warlike Menelaus nor any other of
men on earth would have prevailed in suit for Helen, if fleet
Achilles had found her unwed.  But, as it was, warlike Menelaus
won her before.

II. (45)

(ll. 1-2) And she (Helen) bare neat-ankled Hermione in the
palace, a child unlooked for.

(ll. 2-13) Now all the gods were divided through strife; for at
that very time Zeus who thunders on high was meditating
marvellous deeds, even to mingle storm and tempest over the
boundless earth, and already he was hastening to make an utter
end of the race of mortal men, declaring that he would destroy
the lives of the demi-gods, that the children of the gods should
not mate with wretched mortals, seeing their fate with their own
eyes; but that the blessed gods henceforth even as aforetime
should have their living and their habitations apart from men. 
But on those who were born of immortals and of mankind verily
Zeus laid toil and sorrow upon sorrow.

((LACUNA -- Two lines missing.))

(ll. 16-30) ....nor any one of men....
....should go upon black ships....
....to be strongest in the might of his hands....
....of mortal men declaring to all those things that were, and
those that are, and those that shall be, he brings to pass and
glorifies the counsels of his father Zeus who drives the clouds. 
For no one, either of the blessed gods or of mortal men, knew
surely that he would contrive through the sword to send to Hades
full many a one of heroes fallen in strife.  But at that time he
know not as yet the intent of his father's mind, and how men
delight in protecting their children from doom.  And he delighted
in the desire of his mighty father's heart who rules powerfully
over men.

(ll. 31-43) From stately trees the fair leaves fell in abundance
fluttering down to the ground, and the fruit fell to the ground
because Boreas blew very fiercely at the behest of Zeus; the deep
seethed and all things trembled at his blast: the strength of
mankind consumed away and the fruit failed in the season consumed
away and the fruit failed in the season of spring, at that time
when the Hairless One (46) in a secret place in the mountains
gets three young every three years.  In spring he dwells upon the
mountain among tangled thickets and brushwood, keeping afar from
and hating the path of men, in the glens and wooded glades.  But
when winter comes on, he lies in a close cave beneath the earth
and covers himself with piles of luxuriant leaves, a dread
serpent whose back is speckled with awful spots.

(ll. 44-50) But when he becomes violent and fierce unspeakably,
the arrows of Zeus lay him low....  Only his soul is left on the
holy earth, and that fits gibbering about a small unformed den. 
And it comes enfeebled to sacrifices beneath the broad-pathed
and it lies....'

((LACUNA -- Traces of 37 following lines.))

Fragment #69 --
Tzetzes (47), Exeg. Iliad. 68. 19H:
Agamemnon and Menelaus likewise according to Hesiod and Aeschylus
are regarded as the sons of Pleisthenes, Atreus' son.  And
according to Hesiod, Pleisthenes was a son of Atreus and Aerope,
and Agamemnon, Menelaus and Anaxibia were the children of
Pleisthenes and Cleolla the daughter of Dias.

Fragment #70 --
Laurentian Scholiast on Sophocles' Electra, 539:
`And she (Helen) bare to Menelaus, famous with the spear,
Hermione and her youngest-born, Nicostratus, a scion of Ares.'

Fragment #71 --
Pausanias, i. 43. 1:
I know that Hesiod in the "Catalogue of Women" represented that
Iphigeneia was not killed but, by the will of Artemis, became
Hecate (48).

Fragment #72 --
Eustathius, Hom. 13. 44. sq:
Butes, it is said, was a son of Poseidon: so Hesiod in the

Fragment #73 --
Pausanias, ii. 6. 5:
Hesiod represented Sicyon as the son of Erechtheus.

Fragment #74 --
Plato, Minos, p. 320. D:
`(Minos) who was most kingly of mortal kings and reigned over
very many people dwelling round about, holding the sceptre of
Zeus wherewith he ruled many.'

Fragment #75 --
Hesychius (49):
The athletic contest in memory of Eurygyes Melesagorus says that
Androgeos the son of Minos was called Eurygyes, and that a
contest in his honour is held near his tomb at Athens in the
Ceramicus.  And Hesiod writes: `And Eurygyes (50), while yet a
lad in holy Athens...'

Fragment #76 --
Plutarch, Theseus 20:
There are many tales.... about Ariadne...., how that she was
deserted by Theseua for love of another woman: `For strong love
for Aegle the daughter of Panopeus overpowered him.'  For Hereas
of Megara says that Peisistratus removed this verse from the
works of Hesiod.

Athenaeus (51), xiii. 557 A:
But Hesiod says that Theseus wedded both Hippe and Aegle

Fragment #77 --
Strabo, ix. p. 393:
The snake of Cychreus: Hesiod says that it was brought up by
Cychreus, and was driven out by Eurylochus as defiling the
island, but that Demeter received it into Eleusis, and that it
became her attendant.

Fragment #78 --
Argument I. to the Shield of Heracles:
But Apollonius of Rhodes says that it (the "Shield of Heracles")
is Hesiod's both from the general character of the work and from
the fact that in the "Catalogue" we again find Iolaus as
charioteer of Heracles.

Fragment #79 --
Scholiast on Soph. Trach., 266:
(ll. 1-6) `And fair-girdled Stratonica conceived and bare in the
palace Eurytus her well-loved son.  Of him sprang sons, Didaeon
and Clytius and god-like Toxeus and Iphitus, a scion of Ares. 
And after these Antiope the queen, daughter of the aged son of
Nauboius, bare her youngest child, golden-haired Iolea.'

Fragment #80 --
Herodian in Etymologicum Magnum:
`Who bare Autolyeus and Philammon, famous in speech....  All
things that he (Autolyeus) took in his hands, he made to

Fragment #81 --
Apollonius, Hom. Lexicon:
`Aepytus again, begot Tlesenor and Peirithous.'

Fragment #82 --
Strabo, vii. p. 322:
`For Locrus truly was leader of the Lelegian people, whom Zeus
the Son of Cronos, whose wisdom is unfailing, gave to Deucalion,
stones gathered out of the earth.  So out of stones mortal men
were made, and they were called people.' (52)

Fragment #83 --
Tzetzes, Schol. in Exeg. Iliad. 126:
`...Ileus whom the lord Apollo, son of Zeus, loved.  And he named
him by his name, because he found a nymph complaisant (53) and
was joined with her in sweet love, on that day when Poseidon and
Apollo raised high the wall of the well-built city.'

Fragment #84 --
Scholiast on Homer, Od. xi. 326:
Clymene the daughter of Minyas the son of Poseidon and of
Euryanassa, Hyperphas' daughter, was wedded to Phylacus the son
of Deion, and bare Iphiclus, a boy fleet of foot.  It is said of
him that through his power of running he could race the winds and
could move along upon the ears of corn (54)....  The tale is in
Hesiod: `He would run over the fruit of the asphodel and not
break it; nay, he would run with his feet upon wheaten ears and
not hurt the fruit.'

Fragment #85 --
Choeroboscus (55), i. 123, 22H:
`And she bare a son Thoas.'

Fragment #86 --
Eustathius, Hom. 1623. 44:
Maro (56), whose father, it is said, Hesiod relates to have been
Euanthes the son of Oenopion, the son of Dionysus.

Fragment #87 --
Athenaeus, x. 428 B, C:
`Such gifts as Dionysus gave to men, a joy and a sorrow both. 
Who ever drinks to fullness, in him wine becomes violent and
binds together his hands and feet, his tongue also and his wits
with fetters unspeakable: and soft sleep embraces him.'

Fragment #88 --
Strabo, ix. p. 442:
`Or like her (Coronis) who lived by the holy Twin Hills in the
plain of Dotium over against Amyrus rich in grapes, and washed
her feet in the Boebian lake, a maid unwed.'

Fragment #89 --
Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. iii. 48:
`To him, then, there came a messenger from the sacred feast to
goodly Pytho, a crow (57), and he told unshorn Phoebus of secret
deeds, that Ischys son of Elatus had wedded Coronis the daughter
of Phlegyas of birth divine.

Fragment #90 --
Athenagoras (58), Petition for the Christians, 29:
Concerning Asclepius Hesiod says: `And the father of men and gods
was wrath, and from Olympus he smote the son of Leto with a lurid
thunderbolt and killed him, arousing the anger of Phoebus.'

Fragment #91 --
Philodemus, On Piety, 34:
But Hesiod (says that Apollo) would have been cast by Zeus into
Tartarus (59); but Leto interceded for him, and he became bondman
to a mortal.

Fragment #92 --
Scholiast on Pindar, Pyth. ix. 6:
`Or like her, beautiful Cyrene, who dwelt in Phthia by the water
of Peneus and had the beauty of the Graces.'

Fragment #93 --
Servius on Vergil, Georg. i. 14:
He invoked Aristaeus, that is, the son of Apollo and Cyrene, whom
Hesiod calls `the shepherd Apollo.' (60)

Fragment #94 --
Scholiast on Vergil, Georg. iv. 361:
`But the water stood all round him, bowed into the semblance of a
mountain.'  This verse he has taken over from Hesiod's "Catalogue
of Women".

Fragment #95 --
Scholiast on Homer, Iliad ii. 469:
`Or like her (Antiope) whom Boeotian Hyria nurtured as a maid.'

Fragment #96 --
Palaephatus (61), c. 42:
Of Zethus and Amphion.  Hesiod and some others relate that they
built the walls of Thebes by playing on the lyre.

Fragment #97 --
Scholiast on Soph. Trach., 1167:
(ll. 1-11) `There is a land Ellopia with much glebe and rich
meadows, and rich in flocks and shambling kine.  There dwell men
who have many sheep and many oxen, and they are in number past
telling, tribes of mortal men.  And there upon its border is
built a city, Dodona (62); and Zeus loved it and (appointed) it
to be his oracle, reverenced by men.... ....And they (the doves)
lived in the hollow of an oak.  From them men of earth carry away
all kinds of prophecy, -- whosoever fares to that spot and
questions the deathless god, and comes bringing gifts with good

Fragment #98 --
Berlin Papyri, No. 9777: (63)
(ll. 1-22) `....strife.... Of mortals who would have dared to
fight him with the spear and charge against him, save only
Heracles, the great-hearted offspring of Alcaeus?  Such an one
was (?) strong Meleager loved of Ares, the golden-haired, dear
son of Oeneus and Althaea.  From his fierce eyes there shone
forth portentous fire: and once in high Calydon he slew the
destroying beast, the fierce wild boar with gleaming tusks.  In
war and in dread strife no man of the heroes dared to face him
and to approach and fight with him when he appeared in the
forefront.  But he was slain by the hands and arrows of Apollo
(64), while he was fighting with the Curetes for pleasant
Calydon.  And these others (Althaea) bare to Oeneus, Porthaon's
son; horse-taming Pheres, and Agelaus surpassing all others,
Toxeus and Clymenus and godlike Periphas, and rich-haired Gorga
and wise Deianeira, who was subject in love to mighty Heracles
and bare him Hyllus and Glenus and Ctesippus and Odites.  These
she bare and in ignorance she did a fearful thing: when (she had
the poisoned robe that held black doom....'

Fragment #99A --
Scholiast on Homer, Iliad. xxiii. 679:
And yet Hesiod says that after he had died in Thebes, Argeia the
daughter of Adrastus together with others (cp. frag. 99) came to
the lamentation over Oedipus.

Fragment #99 -- (65)
Papyri greci e latine, No. 131 (2nd-3rd century): (66)
(ll. 1-10) `And (Eriphyle) bare in the palace Alcmaon (67),
shepherd of the people, to Amphiaraus.  Him (Amphiaraus) did the
Cadmean (Theban) women with trailing robes admire when they saw
face to face his eyes and well-grown frame, as he was busied
about the burying of Oedipus, the man of many woes.  ....Once the
Danai, servants of Ares, followed him to Thebes, to win
renown.... ....for Polynices.  But, though well he knew from Zeus
all things ordained, the earth yawned and swallowed him up with
his horses and jointed chariot, far from deep-eddying Alpheus.

(ll. 11-20) But Electyron married the all-beauteous daughter of
Pelops and, going up into one bed with her, the son of Perses
begat.... ....and Phylonomus and Celaeneus and Amphimachus
and.... ....and Eurybius and famous....  All these the Taphians,
famous shipmen, slew in fight for oxen with shambling hoofs,....
....in ships across the sea's wide back.  So Alcmena alone was
left to delight her parents.... ....and the daughter of


(l. 21) ....who was subject in love to the dark-clouded son of
Cronos and bare (famous Heracles).'

Fragment #100 --
Argument to the Shield of Heracles, i:
The beginning of the "Shield" as far as the 56th verse is current
in the fourth "Catalogue".

Fragment #101 (UNCERTAIN POSITION) --
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 1 (early 3rd cent. A.D.):
((LACUNA -- Slight remains of 3 lines))

(ll. 4-17) `...if indeed he (Teuthras) delayed, and if he feared
to obey the word of the immortals who then appeared plainly to
them.  But her (Auge) he received and brought up well, and
cherished in the palace, honouring her even as his own daughters.

And Auge bare Telephus of the stock of Areas, king of the
Mysians, being joined in love with the mighty Heracles when he
was journeying in quest of the horses of proud Laomedon -- horses
the fleetest of foot that the Asian land nourished, -- and
destroyed in battle the tribe of the dauntless Amazons and drove
them forth from all that land.  But Telephus routed the spearmen
of the bronze-clad Achaeans and made them embark upon their black
ships.  Yet when he had brought down many to the ground which
nourishes men, his own might and deadliness were brought low....'

Fragment #102 (UNCERTAIN POSITION) --
Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 2 (early 3rd cent. A.D.):
((LACUNA -- Remains of 4 lines))

(ll. 5-16) `....Electra....
was subject to the dark-clouded Son of Cronos and bare
and Eetion....
who once greatly loved rich-haired Demeter.  And cloud-gathering
Zeus was wroth and smote him, Eetion, and laid him low with a
flaming thunderbolt, because he sought to lay hands upon rich-
haired Demeter.  But Dardanus came to the coast of the mainland
-- from him Erichthonius and thereafter Tros were sprung, and
Ilus, and Assaracus, and godlike Ganymede, -- when he had left
holy Samothrace in his many-benched ship.


Oxyrhynchus Papyri 1359 fr. 3 (early 3rd cent. A.D.):
(ll. 17-24) (68) ....Cleopatra
....the daughter of....
....But an eagle caught up Ganymede for Zeus because he vied with
the immortals in beauty.... ....rich-tressed Diomede; and she
bare Hyacinthus, the blameless one and strong.... ....whom, on a
time Phoebus himself slew unwittingly with a ruthless disk....


(1)  A catalogue of heroines each of whom was introduced with the
     words E OIE, `Or like her'.
(2)  An antiquarian writer of Byzantium, c. 490-570 A.D.
(3)  Constantine VII. `Born in the Porphyry Chamber', 905-959
(4)  "Berlin Papyri", 7497 (left-hand fragment) and "Oxyrhynchus
     Papyri", 421 (right-hand fragment).  For the restoration see
     "Class. Quart." vii. 217-8.
(5)  As the price to be given to her father for her: so in
     "Iliad" xviii. 593 maidens are called `earners of oxen'. 
     Possibly Glaucus, like Aias (fr. 68, ll. 55 ff.), raided the
     cattle of others.
(6)  i.e. Glaucus should father the children of others.  The
     curse of Aphrodite on the daughters of Tyndareus (fr. 67)
     may be compared.
(7)  Porphyry, scholar, mathematician, philosopher and historian,
     lived 233-305 (?) A.D.  He was a pupil of the neo-Platonist
(8)  Author of a geographical lexicon, produced after 400 A.D.,
     and abridged under Justinian.
(9)  Archbishop of Thessalonica 1175-1192 (?) A.D., author of
     commentaries on Pindar and on the "Iliad" and "Odyssey".
(10) In the earliest times a loin-cloth was worn by athletes, but
     was discarded after the 14th Olympiad.
(11) Slight remains of five lines precede line 1 in the original:
     after line 20 an unknown number of lines have been lost, and
     traces of a verse preceding line 21 are here omitted. 
     Between lines 29 and 30 are fragments of six verses which do
     not suggest any definite restoration.  (NOTE: Line
     enumeration is that according to Evelyn-White; a slightly
     different line numbering system is adopted in the original
     publication of this fragment. -- DBK)
(12) The end of Schoeneus' speech, the preparations and the
     beginning of the race are lost.
(13) Of the three which Aphrodite gave him to enable him to
     overcome Atalanta.
(14) The geographer; fl. c.24 B.C.
(15) Of Miletus, flourished about 520 B.C.  His work, a mixture
     of history and geography, was used by Herodotus.
(16) The Hesiodic story of the daughters of Proetus can be
     reconstructed from these sources.  They were sought in
     marriage by all the Greeks (Pauhellenes), but having
     offended Dionysus (or, according to Servius, Juno), were
     afflicted with a disease which destroyed their beauty (or
     were turned into cows).  They were finally healed by
(17) Fl. 56-88 A.D.: he is best known for his work on Vergil.
(18) This and the following fragment segment are meant to be
     read together. -- DBK.
(19) This fragment as well as fragments #40A, #101, and #102 were
     added by Mr. Evelyn-White in an appendix to the second
     edition (1919).  They are here moved to the "Catalogues"
     proper for easier use by the reader. -- DBK.
(20) For the restoration of ll. 1-16 see "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. pp.
     46-7: the supplements of ll. 17-31 are by the Translator
     (cp. "Class. Quart." x. (1916), pp. 65-67).
(21) The crocus was to attract Europa, as in the very similar
     story of Persephone: cp. "Homeric Hymns" ii. lines 8 ff.
(22) Apollodorus of Athens (fl. 144 B.C.) was a pupil of
     Aristarchus.  He wrote a Handbook of Mythology, from which
     the extant work bearing his name is derived.
(23) Priest at Praeneste.  He lived c. 170-230 A.D.
(24) Son of Apollonius Dyscolus, lived in Rome under Marcus
     Aurelius.  His chief work was on accentuation.
(25) This and the next two fragment segments are meant to be
     read together. -- DBK.
(26) Sacred to Poseidon.  For the custom observed there, cp.
     "Homeric Hymns" iii. 231 ff.
(27) The allusion is obscure.
(28) Apollonius `the Crabbed' was a grammarian of Alexandria
     under Hadrian.  He wrote largely on Grammar and Syntax.
(29) 275-195 (?) B.C., mathematician, astronomer, scholar, and
     head of the Library of Alexandria.
(30) Of Cyme.  He wrote a universal history covering the period
     between the Dorian Migration and 340 B.C.
(31) i.e. the nomad Scythians, who are described by Herodotus as
     feeding on mares' milk and living in caravans.
(32) The restorations are mainly those adopted or suggested in
     "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. pp. 48 ff.: for those of ll. 8-14 see
     "Class. Quart." x. (1916) pp. 67-69.
(33) i.e. those who seek to outwit the oracle, or to ask of it
     more than they ought, will be deceived by it and be led to
     ruin: cp. "Hymn to Hermes", 541 ff.
(34) Zetes and Calais, sons of Boreas, who were amongst the
     Argonauts, delivered Phineus from the Harpies.  The
     Strophades (`Islands of Turning') are here supposed to have
     been so called because the sons of Boreas were there turned
     back by Iris from pursuing the Harpies.
(35) An Epicurean philosopher, fl. 50 B.C.
(36) `Charming-with-her-voice' (or `Charming-the-mind'), `Song',
     and `Lovely-sounding'.
(37) Diodorus Siculus, fl. 8 B.C., author of an universal history
     ending with Caesar's Gallic Wars.
(38) The first epic in the "Trojan Cycle"; like all ancient epics
     it was ascribed to Homer, but also, with more probability,
     to Stasinus of Cyprus.
(39) This fragment is placed by Spohn after "Works and Days" l.
(40) A Greek of Asia Minor, author of the "Description of Greece"
     (on which he was still engaged in 173 A.D.).
(41) Wilamowitz thinks one or other of these citations belongs to
     the Catalogue.
(42) Lines 1-51 are from Berlin Papyri, 9739; lines 52-106 with
     B. 1-50 (and following fragments) are from Berlin Papyri,
     10560.  A reference by Pausanias (iii. 24. 10) to ll. 100
     ff. proves that the two fragments together come from the
     "Catalogue of Women".  The second book (the beginning of
     which is indicated after l. 106) can hardly be the second
     book of the "Catalogues" proper: possibly it should be
     assigned to the EOIAI, which were sometimes treated as part
     of the "Catalogues", and sometimes separated from it.  The
     remains of thirty-seven lines following B. 50 in the Papyrus
     are too slight to admit of restoration.
(43) sc. the Suitor whose name is lost.
(44) Wooing was by proxy; so Agamemnon wooed Helen for his
     brother Menelaus (ll. 14-15), and Idomeneus, who came in
     person and sent no deputy, is specially mentioned as an
     exception, and the reasons for this -- if the restoration
     printed in the text be right -- is stated (ll. 69 ff.).
(45) The Papyrus here marks the beginning of a second book ("B"),
     possibly of the EOIAE.  The passage (ll. 2-50) probably led
     up to an account of the Trojan (and Theban?) war, in which,
     according to "Works and Days" ll. 161-166, the Race of
     Heroes perished.  The opening of the "Cypria" is somewhat
     similar.  Somewhere in the fragmentary lines 13-19 a son of
     Zeus -- almost certainly Apollo -- was introduced, though
     for what purpose is not clear.  With l. 31 the destruction
     of man (cp. ll. 4-5) by storms which spoil his crops begins:
     the remaining verses are parenthetical, describing the snake
     `which bears its young in the spring season'.
(46) i.e. the snake; as in "Works and Days" l. 524, the "Boneless
     One" is the cuttle-fish.
(47) c. 1110-1180 A.D.  His chief work was a poem, "Chiliades",
     in accentual verse of nearly 13,000 lines.
(48) According to this account Iphigeneia was carried by Artemis
     to the Taurie Chersonnese (the Crimea).  The Tauri
     (Herodotus iv. 103) identified their maiden-goddess with
     Iphigeneia; but Euripides ("Iphigeneia in Tauris") makes her
     merely priestess of the goddess.
(49) Of Alexandria.  He lived in the 5th century, and compiled a
     Greek Lexicon.
(50) For his murder Minos exacted a yearly tribute of boys and
     girls, to be devoured by the Minotaur, from the Athenians.
(51) Of Naucratis.  His "Deipnosophistae" ("Dons at Dinner") is
     an encyclopaedia of miscellaneous topics in the form of a
     dialogue.  His date is c. 230 A.D.
(52) There is a fancied connection between LAAS (`stone') and
     LAOS (`people').  The reference is to the stones which
     Deucalion and Pyrrha transformed into men and women after
     the Flood.
(53) Eustathius identifies Ileus with Oileus, father of Aias. 
     Here again is fanciful etymology, ILEUS being similar to
     ILEOS (complaisant, gracious).
(54) Imitated by Vergil, "Aeneid" vii. 808, describing Camilla.
(55) c. 600 A.D., a lecturer and grammarian of Constantinople.
(56) Priest of Apollo, and, according to Homer, discoverer of
     wine.  Maronea in Thrace is said to have been called after
(57) The crow was originally white, but was turned black by
     Apollo in his anger at the news brought by the bird.
(58) A philosopher of Athens under Hadrian and Antonius.  He
     became a Christian and wrote a defence of the Christians
     addressed to Antoninus Pius.
(59) Zeus slew Asclepus (fr. 90) because of his success as a
     healer, and Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes (fr. 64). 
     In punishment Apollo was forced to serve Admetus as
     herdsman.  (Cp. Euripides, "Alcestis", 1-8)
(60) For Cyrene and Aristaeus, cp. Vergil, "Georgics", iv. 315
(61) A writer on mythology of uncertain date.
(62) In Epirus.  The oracle was first consulted by Deucalion and
     Pyrrha after the Flood.  Later writers say that the god
     responded in the rustling of leaves in the oaks for which
     the place was famous.
(63) The fragment is part of a leaf from a papyrus book of the
     4th century A.D.
(64) According to Homer and later writers Meleager wasted away
     when his mother Althea burned the brand on which his life
     depended, because he had slain her brothers in the dispute
     for the hide of the Calydonian boar.  (Cp. Bacchylides,
     "Ode" v. 136 ff.)
(65) The fragment probably belongs to the "Catalogues" proper
     rather than to the Eoiae; but, as its position is uncertain,
     it may conveniently be associated with Frags. 99A and the
     "Shield of Heracles".
(66) Most of the smaller restorations appear in the original
     publication, but the larger are new: these last are highly
     conjectual, there being no definite clue to the general
(67) Alcmaon (who took part in the second of the two heroic
     Theban expeditions) is perhaps mentioned only incidentally
     as the son of Amphiaraus, who seems to be clearly indicated
     in ll. 7-8, and whose story occupies ll. 5-10.  At l. 11 the
     subject changes and Electryon is introduced as father of
(68) The association of ll. 1-16 with ll. 17-24 is presumed from
     the apparent mention of Erichthonius in l. 19.  A new
     section must then begin at l. 21.  See "Ox. Pap." pt. xi. p.
     55 (and for restoration of ll. 5-16, ib. p. 53).  ll. 19-20
     are restored by the Translator.